When the day breaks, it is a Sunnah to pray Fajr prayer then you say: “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar three times, La ilaha illa Allah, Allahu Akbar wa Lillah el Hamd. You supplicate while raising both hands and facing the Kibla. Then you walk or ride to Mina for the stoning of Jamarat Al-aQabah.
• On your way to Minaa, you should continue saying the Talbiyah as often as you can. When you reach Wadi Muhassar, you should hurry your march in that area as it is Sunnah. The tasks on the 10th Day (day of sacrifice, day of Eid, Big Day of Hajj) are many:
• Throwing of Jamarat al–Aqaba,
• Offering of sacrifice
• Halq (clipping or shaving the hair of the head) [Quran (Surat 48, Verse 27) (…Insha-Allah, you shall enter the sacred mosque, in security, shaving your heads and cutting your hair short…]”
• Tawaf al–Ifadah,
• Saa‘y (if you didn’t do Sa‘y before the 8th of Dhul-Hijja).
1. Throwing of Jamrat al-Aqaba: رمي جمرة العقبة
Note: The pilgrim interrupts the Talbiyah when he starts Ramy Jamarat al-Aqaba.
• The pilgrim throws seven pebbles and says at each casting: “BismAllah, Allahu Akbar”: بسم الله والله أكبر (In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest), in defiance and condemnation of
shaytan and his party and for Allah’s (the Most Gracious’) satisfaction.”
• The time of Ramy is from the sunrise of the 10th Day (Day of Eid) until the dawn of the next day, but in the prophetic tradition (Sunnah), Ramy is due between sunrise until zawal (noon – time), and Ramy is allowed after sunset and until dawn but it is Makrouh (disliked) except for an acceptable excuse.
• The throwing of al-Jamra (pebble) so that the stone hits the pillar of al–Jamra or falls within the circle surrounding it. The pilgrim stands facing al–Jamra so as to put Mina on his right and Mecca on his left. The Ramy from over the bridge can be performed from any direction.
2. Offering the Hady (Animal Sacrifice): ذبح الهدي
It is required from al-Mutamatti and al–Qarin only. Nowadays there are organizations establishments in Mecca, which act on behalf of the pilgrim in buying al-Hady (the Lamb/Ram), slaying it and distributing it to the poor around the world. But in case the pilgrim cannot afford it, he must fast for three days in Hajj before the day of Arafat, and seven days when he returns home.
3. Shaving or shortening of the hair: الحلق أوالتقصير
It is a must to shave or shorten the hair but shaving the head completely is preferred according to the saying of the messenger of Allah : Ibn Omar narrated that The messenger of Allah said: “May Allah have mercy upon the shavers” (who shave their heads). His companions asked how about those who shorten their hair, Oh messenger of Allah? They repeated this question three times. In response to the fourth time they asked the question, The Prophet answered “.. And those who shorten their hair”. As for women they just cut a little, about 1 inch of their hair.
Note: When you complete the shaving, you can partially exit the state of Ihram (al- Tahalul al-asghar). You are allowed to do whatever was not allowed during Ihram except for sexual intercourse and its causes, until you do Tawaf-al-Ifadah.
4. Tawaf Al Ifadha:
• After returning from Mina to Mecca the pilgrim circles the Ka‘bah for seven rounds and prays two rak‘as of Tawaf. Then he goes to Zamzam. Drinks plently of the blessed zamzam water. The prophet said
about ZamZam“ طعام طعم وشفاء سقم ”, which means ZamZam water is at the same time food and cure from diseases.
The Two Rak‘ahs of Tawaf: ركعتي الطواف
After completing Tawaf, you pray two rak‘ahs of Tawaf behind Maqam Ibrahim (the standing place of Ibrahim) or in any place in the Haram in case the Haram is overcrowded.
In the first rak‘ah recite Al-Fatihah, then Surat of “Al Kafiroon”. In the second rak‘ah recite Al-Fatihah then Surat “Al Ikhlas”. Allah says: (And take, from the standing place (Maqaam) of Abraham a place of prayer) (Quran, Chapter 2, Verse 165). After that , the pilgrim goes to Zamzam.
Drinking Zamzam Water: شرب ماء زمزم
It is recommended for the pilgrim to come to Zamzam to drink as much water as he can while facing the Ka‘bah. While drinking he says: “O Allah! I learned that Allah’s Messenger said: “Zamzam water is for whatever it is drunk for”, so I’m drinking it and invoking: “O Allah! I pray that you grant me useful knowledge, good
sustenance and cure me from every illness”.
“My Lord, admit me into Paradise without torture or reckoning, and favor me with the company of Your prophet and our leader Muhammad in the upper Paradise”.
After that, he goes to Al-Multazam and makes du’ua.
Note: Do not attempt to drink Zamzam with the intention of testing if your supplication will actually be answered in this Donya. Have faith and fear Allah.
Duaa at Al Multazam : الدعاء عند الملتزَم
The pilgrim comes to Al-Multazam (which is between the door of the Ka ‘bah and the Black Stone and is about 2 meters (6 feet) in width) and makes du’ua. For example he can say: “O Allah! Save me from the Shaytan, and save me from everything bad and content me with what You provide me with and bless it for me”. Du‘a (invocation) at Al-Multazam is accepted. Ibn Abbas (RA) used to do it. Ibn Taymyaa said “You can spread your arms and put your chest on it, and supplicate and ask Allah”
Then the Pilgrim goes pacing between Safa and Marwa for Sa‘y, unless he had performed Sa‘y earlier (i.e. Before the 8th of Dhul-Hijja and before going to Minaa).
Note: After you perform Tawaf-al-Ifadah, you can totally exit from the state of Ihram (al-Tahalul al-akbar) i.e. You are allowed to do everything, which was previously restricted due to Ihram including sex. Then the pilgrim returns to Mina to stay there and spend the night in order to throw the three Jamarat during the next two or three days.
5. Sa‘y between Safa and Marwa: السعي بين الصفا و المروى
The Pilgrim ascends the mount of AsSafa so as to see the Ka‘bah (if possible) from the Safa door. While ascending he recites:
إنَِّ الصَّفاَ وَالْمَرْوَة مِنْ شَعاَئرِِ اللَّ فمََنْ حَجَّ الْبيَْتَ أوَِ اعْتمََرَ فلَا جُناَحَ عَليَْهِ أنَْ يطََّوَّفَ بهِِمَا وَمَنْ تطََوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللََّ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيم
The meaning of this verse can be translated as follows: “Safa and Marwah are reminders (symbols/emblems) of Allah. There is no sin for the one who visits the Sacred House to walk (seven times) between them. Whoever willingly does a good deed, in obedience to Allah, will find Allah All-Thankful and All-Knowing” (Quran Ch2, V. 158) Then he repeats the following supplication for three times: (Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest and all praise belongs to Him (Allah is the Greatest for leading us to the right way and all praise belongs to Him for His offerings). He starts with Assafa (as Allah mentioned first) and he can say “I start with which Allah has started” .”أبدأ بما بدأ الله به It is Sunnah to jog between the two green slopes (jogging is only for men) where the pilgrim invokes: “Our Lord! Grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torture of Hell. My Lord! Forgive and have mercy, pardon and favor us, pass over what You know. You are the All Glorious, the All Generous. My Lord! I beg You for guidance, piety, chastity and self – sufficiency. My Lord! Support me in praising You, and in thanking You, and in worshipping You in the best of manners”.
When he reaches Al-Marwa, he would have completed one round. He completes seven rounds starting initially from Al-Safa and concluding finally at Al-Marwa.
When the pilgrim stands at Al-Marwa, he recites: “Indeed as-Safa and al-Marwa are among the symbols of Allah………..etc”
He also utters the same supplications he mentioned at As-Safa. The pilgrim is advised to say during sa‘y some recitations, invocations and whatever he can recite from the Holy Qur’an.
After he concludes sa‘y, he should say “Our Lord! Accept this from me, grant me safety, pardon me and support me to obey you and to praise You Oh Allah”.
Note: Wudhu or Tahara are not conditions for the validity of Sa‘y but as Al Mas‘a (Hall) is within Al-Haram, Tahara is preferable. The pilgrim then returns to spend the night in Mina.